The .frogans TLD is the top-level domain delegated by ICANN to the OP3FT, the non-profit organization whose purpose is to hold, promote, protect and ensure the progress of the Frogans technology. The Frogans technology enables the implementation of a new software layer on the Internet, called the Frogans layer, alongside other existing software layers such as E-mail or the Web.
As described in the case study published by ICANN on the innovative use of the .frogans TLD:
- The objective of the .frogans TLD is to ensure the security, stability and reliability of the Frogans layer for the benefit of all Internet users
- The .frogans TLD domain names are only used to address the computers dedicated to the functioning and administration of the Frogans layer on the Internet
- The key benefit in using a TLD instead of a second-level domain (e.g. frogans.net) is to gain maximum control over the registration process and resolution of these critical domain names
- The OP3FT is the sole holder of domain names in the .frogans TLD registry
- Frogans sites are accessed by means of identifiers called "Frogans addresses" with the following pattern: network-name*site-name. Frogans addresses may contain international characters and are defined by the IFAP (International Frogans Address Pattern) and FACR (Frogans Address Composition Rules) technical specifications.
- More information about Frogans addresses can be found in the following presentations given during ICANN and IETF meetings:
- Technical discussion with ICANN (ICANN 56)
- Frogans addresses: a new security model for a new type of online publishing built on top of DNS (ICANN 58)
- Purpose of the addressing system of a medium for publishing content on the Internet (IETF 101)
- The use of the .frogans TLD adheres to ICANN’s principles for keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable, while encouraging more innovation
Questions and Answers on the .frogans TLD
1. What are the milestones in the development of the .frogans TLD?
The milestones in the development of the .frogans TLD are:
- April 3, 2012: the OP3FT signs a DNS back-end registry operator contract with Afnic for the operation of the .frogans TLD
- May 30, 2012: the OP3FT submits the application for the .frogans TLD to ICANN
- July 19, 2013: the .frogans TLD application passes the Initial Evaluation
- December 19, 2013: the OP3FT signs the Registry Agreement for the .frogans TLD with ICANN
- April 19, 2014: the .frogans TLD is introduced into the DNS Root Zone of the Internet by IANA
- November 7, 2014: the OP3FT signs Specification 13 (.Brand TLD Provisions) with ICANN
- January 26, 2017: ICANN publishes a case study on the innovative use of the .frogans TLD
2. What sparked the idea for the .frogans TLD?
The OP3FT applied for the .frogans TLD with the aim of ensuring the security, stability and reliability of the Frogans layer, for the benefit of all Internet users.
The Frogans layer is a new software layer was introduced on the Internet in 2016 after 16 years of R&D, alongside other existing software layers such as E-mail and the Web. (The Web layer was introduced on the Internet in the early 90s.)
The Frogans layer is enabled by the Frogans technology, a secure technology for the publishing of content on the Internet.
Frogans technology is open to the creativity of publishers and in the service of all Internet users. It is released in the form of an open standard for the Internet available to all, free of charge.
The OP3FT is the Organization for the Promotion, Protection and Progress of Frogans Technology. The OP3FT, established in 2012, is a non-profit organization. The public-interest mission of the OP3FT is to hold, promote, protect and ensure the progress of the Frogans technology.
3. What are the objectives for the .frogans TLD?
The only objective for the .frogans TLD is to ensure the security, stability and reliability of the Frogans layer, for the benefit of all Internet users. To that end:
- The OP3FT is the sole and unique holder of domain names in the .frogans TLD registry
- The OP3FT does not commercialize any domain names in the .frogans TLD registry to third parties
In legal terms, the OP3FT operates the .frogans TLD under the terms of Specification 13 (.Brand TLD Provisions).
In technical terms, the OP3FT uses the .frogans TLD for providing secure domain names to the servers dedicated to the functioning of the Frogans layer infrastructure on the Internet.
The key benefit in using a new TLD for the Frogans layer instead of a second-level domain (e.g. frogans.net) is to gain maximum control over the registration process and resolution of the domain names used to address these computers, so as to minimize exposure of all users of the Frogans layer (publishers, hosting providers, end users, etc.) to security issues and threats such as unauthorized delegation change.
4. How many domain names are registered in the .frogans TLD registry?
There are five second-level domain names registered in the .frogans TLD registry:
- get.frogans: domain name used to access the Web site to download Frogans Player, the free-of-charge software used to browse Frogans sites
- fpu.frogans: domain name used to update Frogans Player, in compliance with the FPUL (Frogans Player Update Language) technical specification
- fcr.frogans: domain name used to access the Web site of the FCR Operator as well as the addressing services provided by the FCR Operator, including the resolution of Frogans addresses in compliance with the FNSL (Frogans Network System Language) technical specification
- nic.frogans and noc.frogans: domain names used for the technical operation of the .frogans TLD
5. Why is the .frogans TLD special?
There are two main reasons that make the .frogans TLD special:
(1) The innovative use of the .frogans TLD
Unlike the other new gTLDs introduced into the DNS Root Zone, the purpose of the .frogans TLD is not to provide new creative domain names for Web sites.
The use of the .frogans TLD is inspired by the use of the .net gTLD, as specified by Jon Postel in RFC 1591 (March 1994):
NET - This domain is intended to hold only the computers of network providers, that is the NIC and NOC computers, the administrative computers, and the network node computers. The customers of the network provider would have domain names of their own (not in the NET TLD).
The use of the .frogans TLD adheres to ICANN's principles for keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable, while encouraging more innovation on the Internet.
In the context of the new gTLDs program, the use of the .frogans TLD is singular and innovative since the .frogans TLD secures the Frogans layer, a new software layer on the Internet.
(2) The innovation running on top of the .frogans TLD
The Frogans technology fosters innovation on the Internet by making it possible to publish Frogans sites.
Frogans sites are a new way of communicating on the Internet. They will reach users on all their devices and will offer innovative creative features. For example, a Frogans site can match the shape of a brand logo, a product, or an industrial design.
Just like Web sites, Frogans sites can be published by anyone, from individuals to businesses, in any language. Frogans sites are not intended to replace existing Web sites, but rather to offer an alternative, complementary way to publish content securely on the Internet.
Frogans sites are identified using a new type of identifiers called Frogans addresses. The generic pattern of Frogans addresses is "network-name*site-name". Note: Frogans sites are not identified using domain names (including .frogans TLD domain names). For more information about Frogans addresses follow the links given in the top of the page.
To access the Whois database of the .frogans TLD registry, please visit whois.nic.frogans.
The .frogans TLD abuse contact is Amaury Grimbert:
- E-mail address: amaury (dot) grimbert (at) op3ft (dot) org
- postal address: OP3FT, 6 Square Mozart, 75016 Paris, France
The .frogans TLD Registration Policy is available here
Last update: April 3, 2018.
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